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What is Panchsheel

Term Panchsheel refer to the five principles of peaceful coexistence between neighboring countries, word comes from two sanskrit words 'panch' meaning five and sheel meaning virtue, the first principle is to respect each others territorial boundaries and sovereignty and the second is to pursue of non aggression, third principle is not to interfere in domestic affairs, while the fourth emphasizes equality and mutual benefit, fifth and final principle is to ensure peaceful coexistence by observing all the previous principles, panchsheel served as a guide for the relationship between India and China, however China failed to follow these guidelines, when Nehru was Prime Minister, Nehru joined with other world leaders like Tito, Nasser, and Sukamo to establish the non alignment movement or NAM, objectives of this movement were to help other colonies win freedom by peaceful means, and to remain impartial in the cold war between the US and soviet union, after Nehru's successful mediation in the Korean war and the Congo problem which put an end to long and struggle his status as a statesman reached new heights.

Nehru Decisions of Integration of State Remarkable:

     In 1947 India was divided into two sets of territories first being the territories under the control of the British empire and the rest being under the control of hereditary rulers who recognized the sovereignty of the british, there were also colonies that were under France and Portugal, the rulers of many of the princely states were not enthusiastic about merging their kingdoms into independent India or Pakistan, insisted that they had the right to join either India to remain independent or to form a union of their own, finally though, nearly all the princely states agreed to accede to India and become part of Nehrus dream of new republic, refuse to reorganize states on either religious or lines but insisted that states must be formed on basis, all through his life, Nehru lost no opportunity to write, whether it was drafts and resolutions for his party essays on issues of the day or letters to friends and family.

     He was a wonderful writer and the author of several books, his works include discovery of india which is his most popular book and Glimpses of world history which gives a view on world history, his letters to his daughter Indira, written while he was in jail were compiled in the form a book known as letters from a father to his daughter, an autobiography with muslings on recent events in india, is another of his books, many of his speeches have also been published in book form, his uniqueness as an imaginative writer with poetic vision and as an intellectual with a deep sense and knowledge of the world remains unquestioned to this day, life has been the subject of many books by famous authors like frank moras, donald, smith, michael, memorial tribute sums up Nehrus achievements and evaluates his place in history, there are also hundereds of books written in different regional languages about India first PM.

Nehru Considered to be Great Orator:

     Nehru was renowned orator, his most famous speech is the Tryst with Destiny address to the constituent assembly of India in New Delhi on the midnight, opening sentences of this speech, we made a tyrst with destiny and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge not wholly full measure, but very substantially, at the stroke of the mightnight hours, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom have become truly immortal, Nehrus pain filled speech following Gandhi assassination is one that brings tears to the eyes to this day, when the mood and occasion moved him eloquence took wing in limpid often lyrical prose, many of his speeches have been published in book form, Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru were two of India greatest sons, knew each other very well and that was how became acquainted with Gandhi, two of them first met at the annual meeting of the Indian National Congress in the year 1916 at Lucknow, found an absolute leader who inspired him, he threw is heart and soul into the freedom movement in 1929 under the patronage of Gandhi, president of the Indian National Congress, paramount leader of the Indian independence movement, although gandhi did not officially designate Nehru his political her until 1942 the country as early as the mid 1930 saw in nehru, natural successor to Gandhi.

     Later Years they may have differed on some issue, but the love and respect they had for each other remained as strong as every until Gandhi away, leaving behind a shattered Nehru, he was the acting PM of India twice, first time was after, his terms ended after the ruling Indian National Congress parliamentary party elected a new PM, he always be remembered for his honesty and simplicity and for the fact that he came to the helm of government during two extremely sensitive situations, it was just recover from the war with China while Lal Bahadur, preceded by the war with pakistan and outstanding steered the country efficiently and safely through the difficult times. 

Nanda Considered to be a great Parlimentarian:

     Nanda has a distinguished career as a parliament which began when he was elected in 1937 to the Bombay legislative assembly, after independence in March 1950, Nanda joined the Indian planning commission as its vice chairman, he was appointed planning minister in the Indian government, general elections he was elected to the lok sabha from Bombay and reelected in 1962 from Gujarat he also served his country as Union Minister for Labor, employment and planning minister for home affairs and the PM, Nada was politician and an economist held in high regard all over India, his childhood years were spend in several cities from Lahore to Amritsar and Agra to Allahabad after completing school from Lahore, Amritsar and Agra, earned his research scholar degree from there, he later joined as a professor of economics, specializing in labor studies at National College under Bombay University in the Year 1921, nanda was inspired by the works of Mahatma Gandhi became an active member of politics and Indias freedom struggle, he joined the Indian non cooperation movement against the british raj and was imprisoner several times by the British.

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