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Know About Lal Bahadur Shastri Early Life


Know About Lal Bahadur Shastri Early Life


    Lal Bahadur Shastri parents were agriculture initially his father was a poor teacher who did not earth much by way of income, then he became a clerk in the revenue office at allahabad, shastri was educated at the east central railway inter college in Mughalsarai and Varanasi, he graduated with first class degree from the Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926 and was given the title Shastri which means scholar, greatest influence on Lal Bahadur was Mahatma Gandhi Lal Bahadur was electrified when he heard a speech by Gandhi at Varansi, then and there he decided to dedicate his life to the service of the country, when Gandhi started the Salt Satyagraha, he was arrested and sent to prison and this was just the first of several times that he was thrown in jail for taking part in the civil disobedience movement, in fact he considered going the prison as a blessing in disguise as he now had the time to read number of good books and become familiar with the work of social reformers.


Jai Jawan Jai Kisan:


     It was Bahadur Shastri who first coined the slogan, during the 22 days war with pakistan in 1965 it has remained in the hearts of all Indians ever since then, struggle for independence in 1920, he was just sixteen years old when Gandhiji called upon his countrymen to join the noncooperation movement, he decided at once to give up his studies in response to the call, this greatly upset his mother so he joined the Kashi Vidya Peeth in Varanasi and graduated in sanskriti, marched to the beach at dandi and broke the british salt law which stated that only the british had the right to manufacture salt threw himself into the struggle for freedom with great passionate, he led many defiant campaigns and spent a total of almost nine  years in british jails.


     Shastri who shares his date of birth which gandhi was a staunch follower of Gadhiji path of truth, first general elections of Indian Republic, congress was returned to power, but shastri did not contest the elections, who admired shastri honesty persuaded him to seek election to the rajya sabha and appointed him the railway minister, made relentless efforts to remove the wide disparity between the first and third class compartments, made relentless efforts to remove the wide disparity between the first and third class compartments, accident occurred in 1956 he sent in his resignation accepting moral responsibility for the disaster, but nehru did not accept it, three months later after, shastri again resigned on the grounds of moral responsibility, he accepted the resignation, not because he held the railway minister responsible in anyway, but it would set an example for future ministers, he was Prime Minister for only nineteen month from 9th june 1964 to 11th january 1966, shastri continue nehru socialist economic and promoted the white revolution in India, this was a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk, he continued nonalignment.


      Shastri had not been power long before he had to attend to the difficult matter of Pakistani aggression along the Rann of Kutch, though cease under the auspices of the united nations put halt to the fighting the scene of conflict soon, shifted to the more trouble sport of kashmir, met force with force and by early september, first indo-pakistan war has commenced, though the victorious India army reached the outskirts, generous agreed to withdraw India forces, Shastri was elected to succeed him as the PM of India, but at the same time strengthened Indias ties with the soviet union, increased the defence budget but at the same time strengthened Indias ties with increase defence budget of Indias armed forces and in 1964, signed an accord with th Sri Lankan PM, status of Indian Tamils in what was then called Ceylong, What won him the greatest appreciation from his countrymen was his firmness in dealing with Pakistan and the victory of the Indian armed forces in the Indi Pak war of 1965.



     In April 1965 fighting broke out in the Rann of Kutch sparsely inhabited region along the west pakistan border when laid claim to half the kutch peninsula, fighting spread to kashmir and to the punjab and in september militants and pakistan soldiers began to cross the indian border, retaliated and sent its forces across the line of cease indian forces scored a major victory after a battle and captured three important positions in the northern sector later in the month, provoked a powerful indian army and they forces fiercely, other indian forces captured a number of strategic positions, and eventually took the key Haji Pir pass eight, there were heavy casual on both sides but indias victories made her a major military power in the subcontinent.


What was the Tashkent Declaration:


     It was peace agreement reached after the Indo Pak agreement reached after the Indo Pak war of 1965, it was signed by India and Pakistan, stated that Indian and Pak forces would pull back to their pre war positions and both countries would not interfere in each other internal affairs, it was hoped that the declaration would bring lasting peace, she served fifteen years as prime minister but not consecutively, it was lady of very strong will and this why she was called iron lady of india, she went to war with pakistan and won the resounding victory that resulted in the creation of Bangladesh. she solidly backed Indias nuclear program and authorized the development of nuclear weapons in 1974 another decisive step taken by Indira Gandhi was the national of banks, she was without doubt one of the strongest prime minister the country has ever had.


     Indira Gandhi the daughter of Nehru, was an only child and a lonely one at that, her father was totally involved in politics and was away most of the time, while her mother was bedridden and early age, indira grew up on their large family estate at Allahabad and was mostly taught at home by private tutors, she studied at the Visva Bharati University in Santinketan and also in the university of Oxford, and was involved in the freedom struggle even as a child, she founded the Bal Charkha Sangh as well as the Vanar Sena of children to help the congress party during the Non cooperation movement, politics was in Indira Gandhi blood even as a child, the world of politics through both her father and grandfather, she took an active part in the freedom struggle and even went to jail, she was married to Feroze Gandhi who was an eminent Parliamentarian, After India won independence with official residence of her father and accompanied him on his foreign tips she was elected as a the president of the congress in 1959, in 1964 the year of her father, she was the minister of information and broadcasting in the government of Lal Bahadur Shastri, he succeeded him as the PM.


     PM Lal Bhadur Sahstri appointed Indira Gandhi as the minister of information and broadcasting which is the fourth highest ranking position in the cabinet, an important post because radio and television were playing an increasingly important role in spreading information, as well as in educating the illiterate, the print media too was growing more powerful, dynamism and drive made her tenure success, but she held the post only for two years till Sahastri end.

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